(These are the hand movements usedonly in pure dance. These are 30 in number mentioned by Bharata in his Natya Sastra, which Kuchipudi uses them all. )
There are 30 types of Nritta Hastas. They are :
|1. Chaturasra||16. Karihasta|
TU PRANGMUKOU KATAKAMUKOU
SAMANA KURPARAMSOU TU
Keeping the elbows in line with the shoulders, the Katakamukha hands should be partially extended out in front of the chest with the palms facing away from the body. This is known as Chaturasra.
Both hands must be kept in Hamsapaksha hand position in front of the chest. Each hand is then moved up and down to its original position alternately, resembling the swaying movement of palm leaves. This is known as Udvrttha.
|CHATURASTRA STHITOU HASTOU,
GNEYOU TALAMUKA VITI
This hand gesture is similar to Chaturasra; the only difference being the palms of the two Katakamukha hands must face each other. Then it is known as Talamukha.
When the Talamukha hands are closed at the wrist, it becomes Svastika Hasta.
When the Svastika hands are released, resembling Talamukha, it becomes Viprakirna Hasta.
ARALA KATAKAYOU VA ARALA
Turn the two Alapallava (Alapadma) hands into Padmakosha with palms facing up,
The two Pataka hasta hands must must touch the opposite shoulders, elbows and hands before moving outwards. The hands then move in a graceful (kutila) fashion with the palms turned a little towards the back.
|HASTOU TU SARPASIRASOU
TIRYAKPRASARITASYOU CHA TADA
The two Sarpasirsha hands with the thumbs and middle fingers touching each other are then moved away. The hands are now in Sarpasirsha position with the palms facing each other. This is known as Suchimukha.
|RECHITOU VAPI VIGNEYOU
The two Hamsapaksha hands with the palms facing up are moved up and down alternately.
The left hand must be in Chaturasra position and the right hand in Rechita position. This is known as Ardharechita..
|ANCHITOU KURPARAMSOU TU
SMRUTA VUTTANA VANCHITOU
The two Tripataka hands are slightly bent at the elbows, and the shoulders and elbows are moved in a gentle up and down swaying movement.
PATAKOU PALLAVOU SMRUTOU
The two Pataka Hands are held in front of the chest and crossed at the wrist.
The two Pataka hands are moved from the shoulder to the hip.
PARIPARSVA STHITOU YADA
The continuous movement of two Pataka hands from the top of the head to either side of the face is known as Kesabandha.
|LATAKYOUCHA KAROU GNEYOU
The two Pataka hands should be stretched out to the sides, keeping the elbows in line with the shoulders.
The left hand should be kept near the ear with Tripataka hand position. The right hand should be extended out in Pataka hand position and moved from side to side. This is known as Karihasta. This can also be done in reverse with the right hand near the ear.
TRIPATAKOU YADA KAROU
TADA GNEYOU PRAYOKTRUBHIHI
The right Tripataka hand should be about six inches away from the waist and the palm facing the floor. The left Tripataka hand should be six inches above the head with the palm facing the right side.
|TAVEVA TU PARAVRUTOU
When Pakshavanchita hands are reversed i.e. the right hand above the head and the left hand near the waist, it is known as Pakshapradyotaka.
GNEYOU GARUDA PAKSHAKOU
Both Tripataka hands are placed on either side of the body facing the hips. They are then lifted up and positioned at least a foot away from either side of the head with the palms facing up.
YATHA PRASARITA BHUJOU
Both Hamsapaksha hands, starting from the front of the chest are moved alternately until the hand and shoulder are extended outwards.
When the two Pataka hasta handsare fully extended up with the palms palms facing you and fingers pointing towards the sky. It is known as Urdhvamandali.
When the two Pataka hands are extended sideways with the palms facing each other, it is known as Parshvamandali.
HYURO MANDALINOU SMRUTOU
The two hands in Pataka hand position are held in front of the chest with palms facing up. The palms are lifted in a circular motion, with the fingers extending the left hand up above the head and the palm facing the sky and fingers pointing towards the right side, are extending the right hand simultaneously to the right side with the palm facing down and fingers pointing to the right side.
Keeping the Alapallava hand position with the right hand in front of the chest and Arala hand position with the left hand fully extended out to the left, the hands are then moved simultaneously from side to side.
|HASTOU TU MANIBANDHANTE
KATAKAKYOU TU TOU SYATAM
Keeping the elbow in line with the shoulders, both hands close to each other, are in Arala hand position with the fingers pointing down and palms facing yourself. The hands are then turned upwards changing first to Alapallava and the to Katakamukha hands position, before crossing them at the wrist. This is known as Mushtikasvastika.
|PADMAKOSOU YADA HASTOU
NALINI PADMAKOSOU TU TADA
The two Padmakosha hands are moved up and down alternately in front of the chest..
The fingers of the two Pataka hands in front of the chest and palms facing down are moved delicately up and down. Doing this movement the palms are lifted so that they face each other.
The Alapallava Nritta hasta when moved from the front of the chest and placed on the shoulders with the continuous movement of the Pataka hands, it is known as Ulbana.
|PALLAVOU CHA SIRODESE
SAMPRAPTOU LALITOU SMRUTOU
When the hands from the Ulbana position move to the top of the heap, it is known as Lalita.